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Author Guidelines

Thank you for considering the Annals of Global Health. Please use the following instructions as a guide.

Submissions that do not conform to the Journal's specifications for word limit and/or format may be sent back to the author for correction before peer review. Please ensure that manuscript files are submitted 

Although there is a designated word limit for each type of submission to AGH authors may be asked to shorten their text. AGH editors prefer tightly written articles. There is no designated table or figure limit, but please include only the data and images that are necessary to illustrate the manuscript. Additionally, it is preferable to have medium length or short, concise titles. AGH editors prefer non-convoluted article titles.

Submissions should be made electronically through this website. Please ensure that manuscript files are in Word or OpenOffice format.

All contributors (including translators) must be included in the submission form metadata at the time of submission. The author names in the submission metadata must match any contributor lists included with the mansucript. Authors will not be able to directly access the metadata after making the submission.

The review process takes 12-16 weeks generally speaking, but it can vary greatly depending on how quickly we find suitable reviewers.  It can be faster or longer than that depending on the response from invited reviewers. 

Once an article has been accepted and sent to Production, we aim for a turnaround time of just under 5 working weeks. 

We strongly suggest providing 2-3 Recommended Reviewers and you may do this in your Cover Letter or in the space provided during the submission process.  This may help speed up the progress of your manuscript.  

Data References
This journal encourages you to cite underlying or relevant datasets in your manuscript by citing them in your text and including a data reference in your Reference List. Data references should include the following elements: author name(s), dataset title, data repository, version (where available), year, and global persistent identifier. Add [dataset] immediately before the reference so we can properly identify it as a data reference. This identifier will not appear in your published article.

Example:
[dataset] [1] Oguro M, Imahiro S, Saito S, Nakashizuka T. Mortality data for Japanese oak wilt disease and surrounding forest compositions, Mendeley Data, v1; 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.17632/xwj98nb39r.1.

 

Original Research

Abstract 
Structured abstract required.
This should include the sections: background, objective(s), methods, findings and conclusions.

The maximum word count for structured abstracts is 300 words. Please make sure that your abstract concisely explains your manuscript. 

Word limit 
5000 words, including abstract, text, and acknowledgements, but NOT including tables, references, or the title page. Please limit the number of references to approximately 40. 

Cover Letter 
State type of manuscript, the title, and the authors. Confirm that the manuscript is original research that has not been published and is not under consideration elsewhere. Confirm that all of the authors participated in the preparation of the manuscript. Confirm that you have permission to reprint any figures or tables that were initially printed elsewhere. 

Title Page 
The title page is the first page of your manuscript text file. The title page should include: the title of the manuscript; a complete list of authors, their degrees, and their academic affiliations; full contact information for the corresponding author; funding source(s); conflict of interest statement for all authors; verification that all authors had access to the data and a role in writing the manuscript; article type; key words; and running head. 

Conflict of Interest 
In a separate document, state any potential conflicts of interest for each author or confirm that there are none. Each author should sign the document. Electronic signatures are acceptable. 

Focus 
These manuscripts present reports of original scientific investigations on topics in global health that have not previously been published and that are not being considered for publication elsewhere. Manuscripts may be edited to improve clarity and expression. 

Photos/ Illustrations 
300 dpi (or greater) tiff files are required for publication. If high resolution images are not available, your manuscript may be rejected for this reason. Do not use Word, Power Point or PDF format for photographs or illustrations. 

Line Art Figures 
Line art figures can be submitted in Microsoft Word or Power Point. Any type that is included in a figure must be at least 12 point but not more than 14 point. Similar figures should be formatted in the same fashion. 

Tables/ Figures 
No table or figure limit (within reason). The editors reserve the right to require deletion of tables or figures that are deemed unnecessary.

Ethics and Consent (if applicable)
Research involving human subjects, human material, or human data, must have been performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Where applicable, studies must have been approved by an appropriate ethics committee and the authors should include a statement within the article text detailing this approval, including the name of the ethics committee and reference number of the approval. The identity of the research subject(s) should be anonymised whenever possible. For research involving human subjects, informed consent to participate in the study must be obtained from participants (or their legal guardian) and added to this statement. If a study involving human subjects/tissue/data was exempt from requiring ethical approval, a confirmation statement from the relevant body should be included within the submission.

Experiments using animals must follow national standards of care. For further information, click here.


Other

  • Manuscript titles should be 10-12 words or less.
  • Avoid overuse of acronyms in the text. Use only well-known acronyms (ie, HIV, STD, CT, MRI, DNA, etc.) Manuscripts with an overabundance of acronyms will be sent back to the author for correction.
  • Use style guide of the American Medical Association as a reference.
  • Double space all text.
  • Superscript all references in text.
  • Make sure all references are used in the text.
  • If English is not your native language, AGH editors strongly encourage you to have your text edited by a professional translator or native English speaker before submission. (This will most likely eliminate an extra revision step.)
 

Reviews

Abstract 
Structured abstract required. 
This should include the sections: background, objective(s), methods (which should include description of strategies used to search for articles included in the review), findings and conclusions.

The maximum word count for structured abstracts is 300 words. Please make sure that your abstract concisely explains your manuscript. 

Word limit 
5000 words, including abstract, text, and acknowledgements, but NOT including tables, references, or the title page. Please limit the number of references to approximately 40. 

Cover Letter 
State type of manuscript, the title, and the authors. Confirm that the manuscript is a review article that has not been published and is not under consideration elsewhere. Confirm that all of the authors participated in the preparation of the manuscript. Confirm that you have permission to reprint any figures or tables that were initially printed elsewhere. 

Title Page 
The title page is the first page of your manuscript text file. The title page should include: the title of the manuscript; a complete list of authors, their degrees, and their academic affiliations; full contact information for the corresponding author; funding source(s); conflict of interest statement for all authors; verification that all authors had access to the data and a role in writing the manuscript; article type; key words; and running head. 

Conflict of Interest 
In a separate document, state any potential conflicts of interest for each author or confirm that there are none. Each author should sign the document. Electronic signatures are acceptable. 

Focus 
Reviews can cover topics such as controversies or the historical development of studies as well as issues of regional or temporal focus. These papers should critically engage with the relevant bodies of literature. Manuscripts may be edited to improve clarity and expression. 

Photos/ Illustrations 
300 dpi (or greater) tiff files are required for publication. If high resolution images are not available, your manuscript may be rejected for this reason. Do not use Word, Power Point or PDF format for photographs or illustrations. 

Line Art Figures 
Line art figures can be submitted in Microsoft Word or Power Point. Any type that is included in a figure must be at least 12 point but not more than 14 point. Similar figures should be formatted in the same fashion. 

Tables/ Figures 
No table or figure limit (within reason). The editors reserve the right to require deletion of tables or figures that are deemed unnecessary.

Ethics and Consent (if applicable)
Research involving human subjects, human material, or human data, must have been performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Where applicable, studies must have been approved by an appropriate ethics committee and the authors should include a statement within the article text detailing this approval, including the name of the ethics committee and reference number of the approval. The identity of the research subject(s) should be anonymised whenever possible. For research involving human subjects, informed consent to participate in the study must be obtained from participants (or their legal guardian) and added to this statement. If a study involving human subjects/tissue/data was exempt from requiring ethical approval, a confirmation statement from the relevant body should be included within the submission.

Experiments using animals must follow national standards of care. For further information, click here.


Other

  • Manuscript titles should be 10-12 words or less.
  • Avoid overuse of acronyms in the text. Use only well-known acronyms (ie, HIV, STD, CT, MRI, DNA, etc.) Manuscripts with an overabundance of acronyms will be sent back to the author for correction.
  • Use style guide of the American Medical Association as a reference.
  • Double space all text.
  • Superscript all references in text.
  • Make sure all references are used in the text.
  • If English is not your native language, AGH editors strongly encourage you to have your text edited by a professional translator or native English speaker before submission. (This will most likely eliminate an extra revision step.)
 
 

Viewpoints

Abstract 
An unstructured abstract should be provided for viewpoint articles that are over 1,000 words. 

Word limit 
2500 words including text, references, and acknowledgements but not the title page. 

Cover Letter
State type of manuscript, the title, and the authors. Confirm that the manuscript has not been published and is not under consideration elsewhere. Confirm that all of the authors participated in the preparation of the manuscript. Confirm that you have permission to reprint any figures or tables that were initially printed elsewhere. 

Title Page 
The title page is the first page of your manuscript text file. The title page should include: the title of the manuscript; a complete list of authors, their degrees, and their academic affiliations; full contact information for the corresponding author; funding source(s); conflict of interest statement for all authors; verification that all authors had access to the data and a role in writing the manuscript; article type; key words; and running head. 

Conflict of Interest 
In a separate document, state any potential conflicts of interest for each author or confirm that there are none. Each author should sign the document. Electronic signatures are acceptable. 

Focus 
Viewpoints may be submitted independently of original research manuscripts without prior invitation. Prior consultation with the editors may facilitate preparation of Viewpoints. 

Format 
Viewpoints have no set format beyond the basic building blocks of a regular article (ie, title, manuscript text, subheads as needed, references, and author information.) Author(s) name(s) and affiliation(s) appear at the end of the text. 

Photos/ Illustrations 
300 dpi (or greater) tiff files are required for publication. If high resolution images are not available, your manuscript may be rejected for this reason. Do not use Word, Power Point or PDF format for photographs or illustrations. 

Line Art Figures 
Line art figures can be submitted in Microsoft Word or Power Point. Any type that is included in a figure must be at least 12 point but not more than 14 point. Similar figures should be formatted in the same fashion. 

Tables/ Figures 
No table or figure limit (within reason). The editors reserve the right to require deletion of tables or figures that are deemed unnecessary.

Ethics and consent (if applicable)
Research involving human subjects, human material, or human data, must have been performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Where applicable, studies must have been approved by an appropriate ethics committee and the authors should include a statement within the article text detailing this approval, including the name of the ethics committee and reference number of the approval. The identity of the research subject(s) should be anonymised whenever possible. For research involving human subjects, informed consent to participate in the study must be obtained from participants (or their legal guardian) and added to this statement. If a study involving human subjects/tissue/data was exempt from requiring ethical approval, a confirmation statement from the relevant body should be included within the submission.

Experiments using animals must follow national standards of care. For further information, click here.

Other

  • Manuscript titles should be 8-10 words or less.
  • Avoid overuse of acronyms in the text. Use only well-known acronyms (ie, HIV, STD, CT, MRI, DNA, etc.) Manuscripts with an overabundance of acronyms will be sent back to the author for correction.
  • Use style guide of the American Medical Association as a reference.
  • Double space all text.
  • Superscript all references in text.
  • Make sure all references are used in the text.
  • If English is not your native language, AGH editors strongly encourage you to have your text edited by a professional translator or native English speaker before submission. (This will most likely eliminate an extra revision step.)
 

Editorials

Abstract 
No. 

Word limit 
1500 words including text, references, and acknowledgements but not the title page. 

Cover Letter 
State type of manuscript, the title, and the authors. Confirm that the manuscript has not been published and is not under consideration elsewhere. Confirm that all of the authors participated in the preparation of the manuscript. Confirm that you have permission to reprint any figures or tables that were initially printed elsewhere. 

Title Page 
The title page is the first page of your manuscript text file. The title page should include: the title of the manuscript; a complete list of authors, their degrees, and their academic affiliations; full contact information for the corresponding author; funding source(s); conflict of interest statement for all authors; verification that all authors had access to the data and a role in writing the manuscript; article type; key words; and running head. 

Conflict of Interest 
In a separate document, state any potential conflicts of interest for each author or confirm that there are none. Each author should sign the document. Electronic signatures are acceptable. 

Focus 
Editorials are expert commentaries invited by the editors to accompany important original science manuscripts and are 1500 words in length. 

Format 
Editorials have no set format beyond the basic building blocks of a regular article (ie, title, manuscript text, subheads as needed, references, and author information.) Author(s) name(s) and affiliation(s) appear at the end of the text. 

Photos/ Illustrations 
300 dpi (or greater) tiff files are required for publication. If high resolution images are not available, your manuscript may be rejected for this reason. Do not use Word, Power Point or PDF format for photographs or illustrations. 

Line Art Figures 
Line art figures can be submitted in Microsoft Word or Power Point. Any type that is included in a figure must be at least 12 point but not more than 14 point. Similar figures should be formatted in the same fashion. 

Tables/ Figures 
No table or figure limit (within reason). The editors reserve the right to require deletion of tables or figures that are deemed unnecessary.

Ethics and consent (if applicable)
Research involving human subjects, human material, or human data, must have been performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Where applicable, studies must have been approved by an appropriate ethics committee and the authors should include a statement within the article text detailing this approval, including the name of the ethics committee and reference number of the approval. The identity of the research subject(s) should be anonymised whenever possible. For research involving human subjects, informed consent to participate in the study must be obtained from participants (or their legal guardian) and added to this statement. If a study involving human subjects/tissue/data was exempt from requiring ethical approval, a confirmation statement from the relevant body should be included within the submission.

Experiments using animals must follow national standards of care. For further information, click here.

Other

  • Manuscript titles should be 8-10 words or less.
  • Avoid overuse of acronyms in the text. Use only well-known acronyms (ie, HIV, STD, CT, MRI, DNA, etc.) Manuscripts with an overabundance of acronyms will be sent back to the author for correction.
  • Use style guide of the American Medical Association as a reference.
  • Double space all text.
  • Superscript all references in text.
  • Make sure all references are used in the text.
  • If English is not your native language, AGH editors strongly encourage you to have your text edited by a professional translator or native English speaker before submission. (This will most likely eliminate an extra revision step.)
 

Expert Consensus Documents

Abstract 
Structured abstract required. This should include the sections: objectives or background, methods (if appropriate), findings, conclusions and recommendations (if appropriate).

The maximum word count for structured abstracts is 300 words. Please make sure that your abstract concisely explains your manuscript. 

Word limit 
3,500 words, excluding abstract, references and tables/figures. 

Cover Letter 
State type of manuscript, the title, and the authors. Confirm that the manuscript has not been published and is not under consideration elsewhere. Confirm that all of the authors participated in the preparation of the manuscript. Confirm that you have permission to reprint any figures or tables that were initially printed elsewhere. 

Title Page 
The title page is the first page of your manuscript text file. The title page should include: the title of the manuscript; a complete list of authors, their degrees, and their academic affiliations; full contact information for the corresponding author; funding source(s); conflict of interest statement for all authors; verification that all authors had access to the data and a role in writing the manuscript; article type; key words; and running head. 

Conflict of Interest 
In a separate document, state any potential conflicts of interest for each author or confirm that there are none. Each author should sign the document. Electronic signatures are acceptable. 

Focus 
We invite groups of experts who have developed recommendations and guidelines for health promotion and for disease management and prevention, especially pertaining to low- and middle-income countries, to submit manuscripts describing their deliberations, findings and recommendations.

Photos/ Illustrations 
300 dpi (or greater) tiff files are required for publication. If high resolution images are not available, your manuscript may be rejected for this reason. Do not use Word, Power Point or PDF format for photographs or illustrations. 

Line Art Figures 
Line art figures can be submitted in Microsoft Word or Power Point. Any type that is included in a figure must be at least 12 point but not more than 14 point. Similar figures should be formatted in the same fashion. 

Tables/ Figures 
No table or figure limit. 

Ethics and consent (if applicable)
Research involving human subjects, human material, or human data, must have been performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Where applicable, studies must have been approved by an appropriate ethics committee and the authors should include a statement within the article text detailing this approval, including the name of the ethics committee and reference number of the approval. The identity of the research subject(s) should be anonymised whenever possible. For research involving human subjects, informed consent to participate in the study must be obtained from participants (or their legal guardian) and added to this statement. If a study involving human subjects/tissue/data was exempt from requiring ethical approval, a confirmation statement from the relevant body should be included within the submission.

Experiments using animals must follow national standards of care. For further information, click here.

Other

  • Avoid overuse of acronyms in the text. Use only well-known acronyms (ie, HIV, STD, CT, MRI, DNA, etc.) Manuscripts with an overabundance of acronyms will be sent back to the author for correction.
  • Use style guide of the American Medical Association as a reference.
  • Double space all text.
  • Superscript all references in text.
  • Make sure all references are used in the text.
  • If English is not your native language, AGH editors strongly encourage you to have your text edited by a professional translator or native English speaker before submission. (This will most likely eliminate an extra revision step.)
 
 

Policy Papers

Abstract 
Structured abstract required. This should include the sections: objectives or background, methods (if appropriate), findings, conclusions and recommendations (if appropriate).

The maximum word count for structured abstracts is 300 words. Please make sure that your abstract concisely explains your manuscript. 

Word limit 
3,500 words, excluding abstract, references and tables/figures. 

Cover Letter 
State type of manuscript, the title, and the authors. Confirm that the manuscript has not been published and is not under consideration elsewhere. Confirm that all of the authors participated in the preparation of the manuscript. Confirm that you have permission to reprint any figures or tables that were initially printed elsewhere. 

Title Page 
The title page is the first page of your manuscript text file. The title page should include: the title of the manuscript; a complete list of authors, their degrees, and their academic affiliations; full contact information for the corresponding author; funding source(s); conflict of interest statement for all authors; verification that all authors had access to the data and a role in writing the manuscript; article type; key words; and running head. 

Conflict of Interest 
In a separate document, state any potential conflicts of interest for each author or confirm that there are none. Each author should sign the document. Electronic signatures are acceptable. 

Photos/ Illustrations 
300 dpi (or greater) tiff files are required for publication. If high resolution images are not available, your manuscript may be rejected for this reason. Do not use Word, Power Point or PDF format for photographs or illustrations. 

Line Art Figures 
Line art figures can be submitted in Microsoft Word or Power Point. Any type that is included in a figure must be at least 12 point but not more than 14 point. Similar figures should be formatted in the same fashion. 

Tables/ Figures 
No table or figure limit. 

Ethics and consent (if applicable)
Research involving human subjects, human material, or human data, must have been performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Where applicable, studies must have been approved by an appropriate ethics committee and the authors should include a statement within the article text detailing this approval, including the name of the ethics committee and reference number of the approval. The identity of the research subject(s) should be anonymised whenever possible. For research involving human subjects, informed consent to participate in the study must be obtained from participants (or their legal guardian) and added to this statement. If a study involving human subjects/tissue/data was exempt from requiring ethical approval, a confirmation statement from the relevant body should be included within the submission.

Experiments using animals must follow national standards of care. For further information, click here.

Other

  • Avoid overuse of acronyms in the text. Use only well-known acronyms (ie, HIV, STD, CT, MRI, DNA, etc.) Manuscripts with an overabundance of acronyms will be sent back to the author for correction.
  • Use style guide of the American Medical Association as a reference.
  • Double space all text.
  • Superscript all references in text.
  • Make sure all references are used in the text.
  • If English is not your native language, AGH editors strongly encourage you to have your text edited by a professional translator or native English speaker before submission. (This will most likely eliminate an extra revision step.)

Letters to the Editor

Abstract 
No. 

Word limit 
800 words including text, references and acknowledgements but not the title page. References should be limited to 5. 

Cover Letter 
State type of manuscript, the title, and the authors. Confirm that the manuscript has not been published and is not under consideration elsewhere. Confirm that all of the authors participated in the preparation of the manuscript. Confirm that you have permission to reprint any figures or tables that were initially printed elsewhere. 

Title Page 
The title page is the first page of your manuscript text file. The title page should include: the title of the manuscript; a complete list of authors, their degrees, and their academic affiliations; full contact information for the corresponding author; funding source(s); conflict of interest statement for all authors; verification that all authors had access to the data and a role in writing the manuscript; article type; key words; and running head. 

Conflict of Interest 
In a separate document, state any potential conflicts of interest for each author or confirm that there are none. Each author should sign the document. Electronic signatures are acceptable. 

Focus 
Readers are encouraged to submit letters to the editor on any topic relating to global health in all countries worldwide. Letters may discuss or critique reports recently published in the Journal, but are not required to relate to articles previously published in the Journal. 

Format 
Letters to the Editor have no set format beyond the basic building blocks of a regular article (ie, title, manuscript text, references, and author information.) Author(s) name(s) and affiliation(s) appear at the end of the text. Letters should begin with the salutation "To the Editor:" Reply letters should begin with the salutation "The Reply:" 

Photos/ Illustrations 
300 dpi (or greater) tiff files are required for publication. If high resolution images are not available, your manuscript may be rejected for this reason. Do not use Word, Power Point or PDF format for photographs or illustrations. 

Line Art Figures 
Line art figures can be submitted in Microsoft Word or Power Point. Any type that is included in a figure must be at least 12 point but not more than 14 point. Similar figures should be formatted in the same fashion. 

Tables/ Figures 
No table or figure limit (within reason). The editors reserve the right to require deletion of tables or figures that are deemed unnecessary.

Ethics and consent (if applicable)
Research involving human subjects, human material, or human data, must have been performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Where applicable, studies must have been approved by an appropriate ethics committee and the authors should include a statement within the article text detailing this approval, including the name of the ethics committee and reference number of the approval. The identity of the research subject(s) should be anonymised whenever possible. For research involving human subjects, informed consent to participate in the study must be obtained from participants (or their legal guardian) and added to this statement. If a study involving human subjects/tissue/data was exempt from requiring ethical approval, a confirmation statement from the relevant body should be included within the submission.

Experiments using animals must follow national standards of care. For further information, click here.

Other

  • Manuscript titles should be 6 - 8 words or less.
  • Avoid overuse of acronyms in the text. Use only well-known acronyms (ie, HIV, STD, CT, MRI, DNA, etc.) Manuscripts with an overabundance of acronyms will be sent back to the author for correction.
  • Use style guide of the American Medical Association as a reference.
  • Double space all text.
  • Superscript all references in text.
  • Make sure all references are used in the text.
  • If English is not your native language, AGH editors strongly encourage you to have your text edited by a professional translator or native English speaker before submission. (This will most likely eliminate an extra revision step.)

Permissions

The author is responsible for obtaining all permissions required prior to submission of the manuscript. Permission and owner details should be mentioned for all third-party content included in the submission or used in the research.

If a method or tool is introduced in the study, including software, questionnaires, and scales, the license this is available under and any requirement for permission for use should be stated. If an existing method or tool is used in the research, it is the author's responsibility to check the license and obtain the necessary permissions. Statements confirming that permission was granted should be included in the Materials and Methods section.

 

Submission Preparation Checklist

  1. The author(s) agree to the payment terms detailed on the journal website, which will be applied if this submission is accepted for publication by the journal. Any waiver request must be made at the time of submission via the Comments to the Editor (below). Unless a waiver is granted by the journal, in writing, then the author(s) accepts that an Article Processing Charge (APC) may be invoiced post-acceptance.
  2. The submission has not been previously published, in part of or in whole, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  3. Any third-party-owned materials used have been identified with appropriate credit lines, and permission obtained from the copyright holder for all formats of the journal.
  4. Tables are all cited in the main text and are included within the text document.
  5. If your submission relates to COVID-19, please upload it to a pre-print server (of your choosing), and include a link to it in your submission, to comply with the requirements of a rapid reviewer list that the journal is using for this topic.
  6. The text adheres to the stylistic, bibliographic, and ethical requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  7. All authors qualify as authors, as per the the Author Guidelines, and have given permission to be listed on the submitted paper.
  8. Figures are all cited in the main text and are uploaded as supplementary files. Figures/images have a resolution of at least 150dpi (300dpi or above preferred). The files are in one of the following formats: JPG, TIFF, GIF, PNG, EPS (to maximise quality, the original source file is preferred).
  9. All authors understand that the review process can take 12-16 weeks generally speaking, and that it may vary greatly depending on how quickly the journal find suitable reviewers.
  10. All contributors (including translators) will be listed in the authorial metadata in the submission form. The author names in the submission metadata MUST match any contributor lists included with the mansucript.
  11. All authors understand that they will not be able to directly edit the metadata in the system after making their submission.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms. If a submission is rejected or withdrawn prior to publication, all rights return to the author(s):
  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).

Submitting to the journal implicitly confirms that all named authors and rights holders have agreed to the above terms of publication. It is the submitting author's responsibility to ensure all authors and relevant institutional bodies have given their agreement at the point of submission.

Note: some institutions require authors to seek written approval in relation to the terms of publication. Should this be required, authors can request a separate licence agreement document from the editorial team (e.g. authors who are Crown employees).

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

Publication Fees

Articles accepted for publication will be asked to pay an $1,920 Article Processing Charge (APC) to cover publication costs. This can normally be sourced from your funder or institution. This fee covers all publication costs (editorial processes; web hosting; indexing; marketing; archiving; DOI registration etc) and ensures that all of the content is fully open access. The APC consists of a base APC of US$1,720.00 which is retained by the publisher, and a society surcharge of US$200.00 which helps maintain the society's costs of publication. The APC also includes a waiver fee that goes toward our waiver fund, so all authors can publish regardless of ability to pay. This approach maximises the potential readership of publications and allows the journal to be run in a sustainable way. Tax will be added to all fees charged, when applicable (includes VAT/Sales tax or any other applicable taxes).

Many institutions have funds available to support open access publications by their staff, therefore we ask that you contact the relevant body to cover the APC.

If you do not know about your institution’s policy on open access funding, please contact your departmental/faculty administrators and institution library, as funds may be available to you.

If you have not requested a APC waiver upon submission in your cover letter, you will be invoiced for the APC upon publication of your article. See below for more information about the journal''s waiver policy.

Waiver information

If you would like to request an Article Processing Charge (APC) discount or waiver (e.g., because your institution/funder will not cover the fee), this must be detailed in the cover letter during submission. All requests for waivers will be reviewed and decided separately. Waivers will only be considered if ALL listed authors are from Lower-Middle-Income Countries (LMIC) as defined by the World Bank. A list can be found here.

While the journal does have a generous waiver policy, a request for an APC discount or waiver does not guarantee that this will be approved. Authors should confirm via email if a waiver for their submission has been approved.

If a request is not made in the cover letter for an APC discount or waiver and approval confirmed by the journal, an invoice for the APC will be sent should the paper be accepted and published. Editorial decisions are made independently from the ability to pay the APC. Please contact us if you have any queries.

APC Cost Breakdown

In order to establish trust with authors, institutions and funders, we provide a transparent breakdown of how the APC is calculated. The framework used follows the structure created by the FAIR Open Access Alliance (FOAA. p3), as recommended by Plan S, thus ensuring that all Ubiquity Press journals are compliant with key open access funder requirements.

The table below shows how the publishing costs are broken down (2023 data). 

Discounts & Waivers50%
Journal Operations18%
Publication9%
Fees9%
Communication1%
General13%


Definitions for each of these categories, along with the Ubiquity Press average APC breakdown can be found at https://www.ubiquitypress.com/site/publish/.