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Diabetes Care in Iran: Where We Stand and Where We Are Headed

  • Sina Noshad
  • Mohsen Afarideh
  • Behnam Heidari
  • Jeffrey I. Mechanick
  • Alireza Esteghamati



The prevalence of diabetes has steadily increased in Iran from the time of the first published nationally representative survey in 1999 and despite efforts and strategies to reduce disease burden.


The aim of the present review was to describe the current status of diabetes care in Iran.


A selective review of the relevant literature, focusing on properly conducted studies, describing past and present diabetes care strategies, policies, and outcomes in Iran was performed.


The quality of diabetes care has gradually improved as suggested by a reduction in the proportion of undiagnosed patients and an increase in affordability of diabetes medications. The National Program for Prevention and Control of Diabetes has proven successful at identifying high-risk individuals, particularly in rural and remote-access areas. Unfortunately, the rising tide of diabetes is outpacing these efforts by a considerable margin.


Substantial opportunities and challenges in the areas of prevention, diagnosis, and management of diabetes exist in Iran that need to be addressed to further improve the quality of care and clinical outcomes.

Published on Apr 22, 2016
Peer Reviewed